Daily Current Affairs 09 June 2018

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Daily Current Affairs 09 June 2018

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Recommend: Times of India , Economic Times

       

#  Rural sanitation coverage crosses 85 per cent mark


The sanitation coverage in rural India has risen to 85 per cent under Swachh Bharat Mission, the largest cleanliness drive in the world.

A recent survey conducted by an Independent Verification Agency across 90,000 households in over 6000 villages found that the usage of toilets in rural India had risen to 93.4%. Two independent surveys conducted in the past by the Quality Council of India in 2017 and National Sample Survey Organization in 2016 also recorded the usage of toilets in rural India to be around 91 per cent and 95 per cent respectively.

#  Union Government to constitute two border battalions

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced recently that nine new battalions would be constituted, among which two would be for the border areas.

Singh added that two new women battalions have also been sanctioned for the J&K police, one for Kashmir Division and for Jammu Division. The battalions will primarily deal with incidents like stone pelting in Kashmir valley and other law and order duties. The move is expected to provide employment to around 2000 women from the state.

The announcement was made by the Home Minister while addressing a press conference in Jammu on the second day of his visit to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Reiterating the union government's commitment to safeguard the interests of border people and Kashmir migrants in Jammu and Kashmir, the Home Minister said that centre is fully aware of the hardships faced by these people and has been taking a number of initiatives to address them.

Initiatives taken by the government in the interest of border people:

• The Home Ministry would be providing the border youth with 60 percent quota in the special five IRP battalions being raised.

• The Ministry has also revisited the scheme of giving Rs 5 lakhs for the people killed during cross-border firing and ceasefire violations. Now, the amount would be directly credited to the account of the next of kin of the person killed and all conditions relating to fixed deposit have been removed.

• Further, 14, 460 bunkers will be constructed in border areas,  which includes 13,029 individual and 1,431 community bunkers. The Home Affairs Ministry has already approved Rs 415 crores for their construction.

• The Union Government is also contemplating the construction of Seema-Bhawans for the safety of border people.

• Five bulletproof ambulances will also be provided to border areas to carry the injured to hospital during cross-border firing.

• The Government has also increased the compensation for live-stock to Rs 50,000 from current Rs 30,000 and has removed the limit of three animals for losses incurred upon livestock.

Following are some of the initiatives taken in the interests of migrants in J&K:

• The Government would be providing financial assistance worth Rs 5.5 lakh per family for the West Pakistan refugees settled in Jammu and Kashmir. The decision will benefit nearly 5764 families.

• The government has also increased the relief given to Kashmiri and Jammu migrants to Rs 13000 per family per month, a 30 per cent hike from the previously given amount of Rs 10000.

• Besides, an Advisory board for migrants would be constituted to look into the problems faced by them. The board would have representation from all the migrant groups.

#  India and Norway sign MoU to extend health cooperation

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on June 7, 2018 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to extend the cooperation within health sector.

The cooperation will be extended through the Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI) for a period of three years starting from 2018 to 2020.

Significance

• This cooperation between India and Norway is aligned with the development goals of Indian Government as outlined in its National Health Policy 2017 for achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

• It will focus on global health issues of common interest.

• It will enable cooperation in the areas related to maternal, new-born, child health and shall build on experiences from NIPI phase I and II. 

• It will continue to focus on innovative, catalytic and strategic support, and stride in boosting the Indian Government’s ‘Intensification Plan for Accelerated Maternal and Child Survival’ in India.

Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI) Phase 3 (2018-2020)

• NIPI Phase 3 (2018-2020) will be built on the experiences of NIPI Phase I and II.

• It will scale up to the intensified districts and also establish an innovation hub. 

• The best practices in maternal and newborn child health carried out under the National Health Mission and NIPI will be shared for global dissemination and learning.  

• The NIPI initiative through its work in the last ten years during 2007-2017 has resulted in newer initiatives. 

• NIPI has also supported National Health Mission by providing credible technical support in the five Indian states and at national level. This has resulted in development and release of multiple policies and guidelines for the NHM.

Background

• The Governments of Norway and India had agreed in 2006 to collaborate to reduce child mortality based on commitments made by the then two Prime Ministers. 

• The partnership was based on India's health initiative, the National Health Mission (NHM).

• It aimed at facilitating rapid scale-up of quality child and maternal health services in four high focus states - Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and also as a RMNCHA+ partner in Jammu & Kashmir. 

• The main activities in Phase I (2006-2012) were home-based new born care (HBNC) ‘Yashoda’ through State health system, establishing Sick Newborn Care Units (SNCU), techno managerial suppor and providing strategic support for immunization and Public Private Partnership (PPP).

#  NASA approves mission extension for Juno

NASA on June 7, 2018 approved an extension of Juno’s science operations until July 2021. This provides the space probe with an additional 41 months in orbit around Jupiter.
The decision was taken after an independent panel of experts confirmed in April that Juno is on track to achieve its science objectives and is already returning spectacular results.  The spacecraft and all its instruments were reported to be in good health and operating nominally.
The probe will complete its two-year anniversary of being in the orbit of Jupiter in July 2018.

Significance

The extension of its operations will enable Juno to achieve its primary science objectives.
 NASA extends Juno Mission for at least 3 years
The larger orbits will also allow the scientists to further explore the far reaches of the Jovian magnetosphere, the region of space dominated by Jupiter's magnetic field including the far magnetotail, the southern magnetosphere and the magnetospheric boundary region called the magnetopause.
Key Highlights

 NASA extends Juno Mission for at least 3 years
 NASA has now funded Juno through FY 2022. The spacecraft was supposed to end its mission by crashing into Jupiter's atmosphere in July this year.
 The end of prime operations is now expected to be in July 2021, with data analysis and mission close-out activities continuing into 2022.
• The spacecraft is in 53-day orbits rather than 14-day orbits as initially planned because of a concern about valves on the spacecraft’s fuel system.
 The longer orbit means that it will take more time to collect the needed science data.
• Juno will make its 13th science flyby over Jupiter's mysterious cloud tops on July 16.
Helium Valve issue
• The Juno spacecraft entered the orbit of Jupiter on July 4, 2016, entering a 53-day checkout orbit. 
• The spacecraft was supposed to complete two 53-day orbits before performing an engine burn to reduce the spacecraft’s orbital period and apojove (farthest point in the craft’s orbit of Jupiter) to its planned 14-day science orbit.
• The engine burn, called the Period Reduction Maneuver, was planned for October 18, 2016.  However, during the second 53-day checkout orbit, just 4 days before the scheduled engine burn, NASA engineers while going through tests of Juno’s primary engine spotted something in the data that gave them cause for concern. NASA extends Juno Mission for at least 3 years
• The engineers found that two helium check valves that play an important role in the firing of the spacecraft’s main engine did not operate as expected. The valves that should have opened in a few seconds took several minutes.
• The data on the valves indicated that it was too risky to attempt ignition of the engine hence, NASA decided to leave Juno in its 53-day orbit, significantly changing the mission outlook and timing of its science operations.
• From the pre-launch criteria of completing 12 science gathering dives close to Jupiter’s atmosphere, within six months of entering into the planet’s orbit, Juno has completed only 9 such dives in one and half years.
• Under the originally planned mission timeline, Juno would have completed 37 total orbits of Jupiter, two 53 day checkout orbit and 34 science orbits by July 2018 before embarking on its final journey for a destructive plunge into Jupiter’s atmosphere 53 days later.

About Juno Mission
• Juno, the NASA space probe was launched on August 5, 2011, as a part of NASA’s New Frontiers program to begin a scientific investigation of Jupiter.
• The spacecraft was managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and built by Lockheed Martin Space.
• It successfully entered the polar orbit of Jupiter on July 5, 2016. NASA extends Juno Mission for at least 3 years
• The spacecraft’s primary goal was to gain data on the story of Jupiter's formation and evolution, including whether it has a rocky core and to measure the amount of water present within the deep atmosphere.
• It aimed to observe and measure Jupiter's gravity and magnetic fields, mass distribution, atmospheric dynamics and composition and evolution using long-proven technologies.
• Juno is the second spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, after the nuclear powered Galileo orbiter, which orbited the gas planet from 1995 to 2003.


#  Sports ministry approves upward revision of pension to meritorious sportspersons


Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Rajyavardhan Rathore has approved the upward revision of pension to meritorious sportspersons.

Under the revised rates, the rate of pension has been doubled off the existing rate of pension on winning medals in international sports events.

The revised pension rates are as follows:


• The medalists at the Olympic/Para-Olympic Games will now get Rs 20,000, double from earlier Rs 10000 per month.

• The gold medalists at World Cup/World Championship in Olympic and Asian Games disciplines will get Rs 16,000, which is also double from earlier Rs 8,000 per month.

• The silver or bronze medalists at World Cup or World Championship in Olympics and Asian Games disciplines and gold medalists in Asian Games/Commonwealth Games/Para Asian Games will now get Rs14, 000 from earlier Rs 7,000 per month.

• The silver and bronze medalist in Asian Games/Commonwealth Games/Para Asian Games will get Rs 12,000.

Other Details

The rate of pension of medal winners in the Para-Olympics Games and Para Asian Games will be at par with the medal winners in the Olympic Games and Asian Games respectively.

The World Championships held once in four years will only be considered for the pension.

In the case of existing pensioners, the revision in the rate of pension will be effective from April 1, 2018.

Clauses

Under the revised scheme, it is highlighted that the sportsperson should retire from active sports career and be attaining the age of 30 years at the time of applying pension under the scheme.



An undertaking to this effect will have to be given by the sportsperson in the application form itself and the same has to be confirmed from SAI while forwarding application for verification of achievements of the applicant.


Source : Jagran Josh

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