Daily Current Affairs 27 April 2018

Daily Current Affairs 27 April 2018
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# NITI & ITC to transform agriculture sector
 NITI Aayog and ITC will collaborate in the area of agriculture and allied sectors in order to strengthen farming systems.
The partnership is for a period of four years till April 2022 .
The prime objective is to increase net returns from farming through reduction in costs of production and increasing productivity of major crops in each of the identified district.

# 35.3 Lakh New Jobs Generated in 6 Months
Government think-tank Niti Aayog said 35.3 lakh new jobs were generated between September 2017 and February this year.
This was based on the additions made in payrolls from Employees’ Provision Fund Organisation, Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authority.
The NITI Aayog said that the payroll data from these organisations would now be released every month.

# India to get database on disasters by 2020
India will get a national database on disasters, which includes information on deaths, people affected and economic losses, by 2020.
As India is a signatory to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, it has become imperative for the country to have a database ready by 2020.
A baseline, using data from 2005-15, will be developed in order to track improvements in disaster management.

# World Bank loan for Biopharma Mission
The government has secured a loan of about Rs. 1,600 crore from the World Bank to develop new vaccines, medical devices and medicines.
The money will be disbursed over five years and is part of the Department of Biotechnology-led National Biopharma Mission.
The goal is to have 6 to 10 new products in the next five years and it will create a slew of jobs.

# BARC offers first indigenous bulletproof vest
The Bhabha Atomic Reseach Centre (BARC) has developed a next-generation bulletproof jacket for the Indian armed forces, which is not only cheaper but also much lighter.
The bullet jacket, named Bhabha Kavach, will reduce the weight of jacket by nearly 50%.
Bhabha Kavach is made of boron carbide and carbon nanotube polymer composite.

# 23rd meeting of Western Zonal Council
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh chaired the 23rd meeting of Western Zonal Council at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
During the last 3 years or so, two Council meetings and 3 Standing Committee meetings of the Western Zonal Council were held.
Zonal Councils were set up under the States Reorganization Act, 1956 to foster Inter-State co-operation and co-ordination among the States.

#  BIS grants first license for Liquid Chlorine
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) granted First Licence to M/s Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd for Liquid Chlorine on All India basis.
This is the First Licence granted on All India basis. The license has been made operative with effect from 12th April, 2018 for a period of one year.
This product is in liquid form and stored in metal containers and used in paper, pulp, textile bleaching.

#  Govt approves pacts for supply of iron
The Cabinet approved a long-term agreement for export of iron to Japan and South Korea through state-owned trading firm MMTC.
The range of quantity of iron ore to be exported would be 3.8 million tonnes per annum to 5.5 million tonnes per annum. MMTC will be supplying iron ore of grade 64 Fe, or high-grade content, to
Japanese and Korean steel mills from Bailadila mines in Chhattisgarh.

#  New frog species takes historical name of Goa
In the highland plateaus of the Western Ghats parts of Goa, scientists have identified a new species of frog called ‘Fejervarya goemchi’.
The new species is named after the historical name of the state of Goa where the species is discovered.
The new species is found in the high elevation areas of laterite plateaus, temporary water bodies and paddy fields of Goa.

#  1st Solar microgrid commissioned in Gujarat
Swedish-Swiss multinational giant ABB announced it has commissioned India’s first industrial solar microgrid at its Vadodara manufacturing facility in Gujarat.
Microgrids with integrated battery energy storage allow cutting down of planned and unplanned power outages.
A key benefit is a reduction in overall operational costs and reduced electricity bills.

#  Christine appointed as envoy on Myanmar by UN
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed Christine Schraner Burgener of Switzerland as his new special envoy on Myanmar.
Burgener was the Ambassador of Switzerland to Germany since 2015.
From 2009 to 2015, she served as Ambassador to Thailand and led efforts to mediate between the two sides in the violence that erupted in Thailand in 2010.

#  Mumbai to host food archaeology conference
Mumbai is hosting a conference that will look at food from point of views of history, archaeology and sociology.
Titled “ArchaeoBroma”, the conference, to be held on May 5 and 6, is being touted as India’s first-ever national meet on “food as culture”.
It will be organised by the India Study Centre Trust and the Centre for ExtraMural Studies of the University of Mumbai.

#  India-Nepal IGC meeting began in Kathmandu
o India-Nepal Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) meeting on trade, transit and cooperation to control unauthorised trade in Kathmandu started on 26th April.
The meeting provides a regular platform to review the implementation of past trade and transit agreements.
IGC also deliberate upon day-to-day problems in regulation of Nepalese trafficin-transit and issue of Indian investments in Nepal.

#  Indu Malhotra sworn in as SC Judge
Senior lawyer Indu Malhotra was sworn in on 27th April as Supreme Court Judge. It is for the first time that the apex court has two women judges — the other being Justice R. Banumathi. Justice Malhotra is the fifth woman Judge of the top court.
Justice Fatima Bibi was the first woman Judge of the Supreme Court.
She is the 1st woman lawyer from the Supreme Court bar to be directly elevated.

#  Mahadevi Varma Is Today’s Google Doodle
Mahadevi Varma, celebrated Hindi poet, freedom fighter, women’s rights activist and educationist, was honoured by Google with a Doodle.
In 1982, Mahadevi Varma received the Jnanpith Award for her outstanding contributions to Indian literature on April 27.
She was also honoured with Padma Bhushan in 1956, Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979, and Padma Vibhushan in 1988.

#  Intellectual Property Day observed on 26 Apr
World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April.
The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) in 2000 to “raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life”.
The theme for this year was “Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity”.

#  AIIMS sets up India’s first VBN system
In a first in the country, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences set up Virtual Bronchoscopy Navigation (VBN) system.
VBN is a facility for diagnosis and treatment of patients with small tumour-like spots in lungs.
Very few countries like China, Singapore besides the US and Europe have this facility.

#  Agri Minister launched portal to export seeds
Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh launched a portal to facilitate exportimport of seeds and planting material.
A seed import-export portal has been developed for making the trade process easy.
With the launch of this portal, all organisations importing-exporting seeds will not be required to submit their applications in 20 copies.

#  Maharashta signed MoU with British Council
The Maharashtra government signed an MoU with the British Council to strengthen educational and cultural cooperation.
With this MoU, the British Council hopes texpand its existing work in the state.
The areas of potential collaboration include developing further initiatives to improve English teaching and enhance employability skills in schools and training institutes.

#  CSIR bags Intellectual Property Award
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has been awarded the National Intellectual Property Award, 2018 for being the top research and development organisation for patents and commercialisation.
The award was handed over by Union Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu to mark the World Intellectual Property Day.
The CSIR was established in 1942.

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